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    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behaviour, and hyperactivity (over-activity).    
  ADHD has three subtypes::
  • Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive
  • Predominantly inattentive
  • Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive
Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive
  • Most symptoms (six or more) are in the hyperactivity-impulsivity categories.
  • Difficulties include fidgeting with hands or feet, constantly on the move, restlessness with a lot of body movement, constantly playing with things within reach, difficulty remaining seated or staying still.
  • Impulsivity and lack self-control: cannot wait for their turn, often interrupts others, blurts out inappropriate things (verbally), talks excessively, and often engages in physically dangerous activities without considering consequences.
  • Fewer than six symptoms of inattention are present, although inattention may still be present to some degree.
Predominantly inattentive
  • The majority of symptoms (six or more) are in the inattention category and fewer than six symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity are present, although hyperactivity-impulsivity may still be present to some degree.
  • Children with this subtype are less likely to act out or have difficulties getting along with other children. They are easily distracted, have difficulty listening and following instructions, difficulty focusing and sustaining attention, may appear “spaced out” and is disorganized (often misplaces things, untidy rooms and desks, poor time management). Predominantly Inattentive children may sit quietly and may not have high activity level. Therefore, the child may be overlooked, and parents and teachers may not notice that he or she has ADHD.
Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive
  • Six or more symptoms of inattention and six or more symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity are present.
  • Most children have the combined type of ADHD.
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